Gum Care Specialist

John H Ko, DDS -  - Cosmetic Dentist

John H Ko, DDS

Cosmetic Dentists & General Dentists located in Pleasanton, CA

You can’t have healthy teeth without taking care of your gums. With nearly 30 years of experience, John H Ko DDS is dedicated to teaching his patients the best habits for excellent gum care at his office in Pleasanton, California. Even if your teeth are cavity-free, you have to take care of your gums to prevent serious dental problems like gum disease and tooth loss. Schedule an appointment at John H Ko DDS now by calling the office or booking a visit online.

Gum Care Q&A

Why is gum care important?

Your teeth and gums work together to help you chew, speak, and bite properly. While keeping your teeth healthy, strong, and free of debris is important, it’s crucial that you care for your gums to maintain optimal tooth health. 

Gums are made from soft tissue that forms a tight seal around your teeth, protecting your roots from plaque, bacteria, and harmful debris. When your gums aren’t healthy, this seal can loosen, allowing bacteria to penetrate to the roots of your teeth. Without proper gum care, you can develop gum disease. 

What is gum disease?

Also called periodontal disease, gum disease is an infection of the gums that puts you at risk of serious oral health concerns, including tooth loss. The first stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis — inflammation of the gums that you can eliminate with the right care. 

Unfortunately, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis — a form of gum disease in which plaque and bacteria become trapped in pockets beneath the gum line. Unlike gingivitis, you cannot reverse periodontitis, but you can treat it at Dr. Ko’s office.

What are the signs of gum disease?

Gum disease symptoms depend on the progression of the disease. The most common signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include:


  • Gum inflammation
  • Tender gums
  • Pain when chewing
  • Bleeding gums
  • Receding gums
  • Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
  • Shifting teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth loss


Without treatment, the plaque and bacteria trapped in pockets beneath the gum line begin releasing toxins. These toxins can destroy not only your gums, but also your tooth-supporting bone.

How can I practice good gum care?

Gum disease is preventable with the right care. You can maintain the best gum care with the following oral health care tips:

Routine dental cleanings

It’s important to visit Dr. Ko at least once every six months for a routine cleaning and dental exam. These check-ups help identify any problems with your oral health, so you can address and treat them as soon as possible. 

Brush and floss

In addition to brushing your teeth twice every day, you should floss at least once a day to remove plaque and bacteria that your toothbrush can’t reach.

Use mouth rinse

A fluoride mouth rinse helps eliminate plaque and bacteria after you brush and floss. It also protects and strengthens your teeth and gums.

Quit smoking

Smoking tobacco weakens your immune system, which makes your gums prone to infection. Tobacco also makes it difficult for your gums to heal on their own.

Book an appointment at John H Ko DDS today by calling or scheduling a visit online.